Tsuguharu throws at the age of 33, Tsuguharu who is going to win all 6 points that he sent to Salon · Daughton, which was resumed at the end of 1919. Two years later in 1921, three points of "self portrait" "my room, a still life with an alarm clock" "nude woman" were brought to the salon · Daughton and are acclaimed. "My room" shows the state of my own atelier. Three dishes are decorated on the white wall, and favorite items such as an alarm clock, Lloyd glasses, a pipe, etc. are placed on the shelf below, and you can feel the gaze of a calm and calm painter. From the critic of Paris, I received high praise that "a detailed touch that depicts details of things is unique to Fujita." I love this work and I have been close at hand but now it is in the National Museum of Modern Art, France. In this way, Tsugu keeps on publishing works to surprise the Paris painter one after another.
More than anything, Tsuguharu Fujita was recognized worldwide by winning its own expression method. It seems to have had since the time when I began to learn the thought that "painters should break their old traditions and establish their own style". Even after coming to Paris, "milky skin" was obtained as a result of continuing searching for unique expressions that were not imitation of people, being stimulated by the talent around us. The masterpiece is "Nude Woman Kiki" in the bedroom.
Nude women become one of the important themes in Western art. Actually, it seems that Tsuguharu gave a hint from Ukiyoe for this expression of skin. There is a sentence in the essay "One arm" of Tsuguharu as follows.
"It appears in the picture of Harunobu · Utamaro etc, a slight part of the leg part or a small part around the knee is peeped in and it seems to me that it is finding the actual feeling of the skin to the last.The first beautiful Matière of the skin I decided to express it. "
It seems that this was the reason for the innovation of Tsuguharu "birth of milky white skin" was born.
For a long time the technique was enveloped in mystery, but when restoring the oil paintings of Fujita's work, which took place after 2000, it turned out that the canvas had its originality.
The usual canvas consists of two layers, but there were three layers of Junji. The first layer is a normal glue. Barium sulfate not normally used for canvas was detected from the second layer. In addition, the third layer was coated with lead white and calcium carbonate. Lead white is best known as a white pigment and it is often used as a base material because it gives a vivid white color. Another calcium carbonate is the same white pigment as lead white, but when melted with oil it develops yellowish coloring. Tsuguhara mixed this calcium carbonate with white lead. A canvas that has been layered on two layers of underlayers made of three kinds of pigments on glue is slightly additive to vivid white by virtue of delicate blending of yellow and white. Is not it Tamago 's efforts to keep trying it? The fact that this calcium carbonate, actually Wakodo Co., Ltd.'s "Siccarol" was used is known from photographs of the production by Mr. Kunimon Doom. I do not imagine that such familiar things will be materials for beautiful paintings.
Another thing, that Tsuguhn surprised the critic of Paris was its flowing contour line. The delicate and beautiful black lines such as the body, the eyebrows and the outline of the nose make the color of the skin stand out. I devised to use Japanese face paint brush and black ink to draw this. It is because the tip is elongated and made of elastic and sticky hair, it is possible to draw a long long line.
In this way, Tsuguhara made maximum use of himself who is a Japanese in Paris, and has created a new technique written in the world of Western painting.
Frustration in France and frustration in Japan
Notre Dame Cathedral which was washed
1925 Tsuguji When I was 39 years old, I will receive the Order of the Legion de Nours from France and Leopold Ichiyo from Belgium. The Order of Region de Nour is France's most prestigious medal, which Napoleon enacted in 1802, is given to military and cultural achievements.
In the great success in France, there was a desire to let Tsuguhara acknowledge her art in Japan. But this can not be fulfilled quite easily.
1929 When I was 43 years old I will return for the first time in 17 years. But I can not achieve my purpose as I want, I will return to Paris with cold criticism and misunderstanding. It was in 1933 that I returned to Japan again. In this stay in Japan, Tsuguharu works on the production of large-screen mural paintings. In the meantime, I will meet my wife Kimiyoshi who will be my lifetime marriage and get married for the fifth time. After that, I will cross the country at the age of 53 in 1939, but I will return home in 1940 with the outbreak of the Second World War. Tsuguharu will tackle war painting until the end of the war in 1945.
The trigger was the "Battle of riverside" at the age of 55 in 1941. In the Nomonhan case, it was a personal request to solve the spirit of the subordinate who died of the battle due to the request of the former army general lieutenant General Ogusu Takeshi who took responsibility for the historical defeat. A masterpiece of 1.4 meters wide and 4.48 meters wide is a green grassland and a blue sky, a Japanese soldier who moves forward to the end of the horizon, a soldier who climbs the Soviet army tank in the foreground and tries to break the entrance with a bayonet is large It is drawn.
In addition to this, I will finish a big picture one after another in 1943 "Atsushima Husband", 1945 "Fulfilling the Saipan Island Brotherhood". Both are disastrous things that depict husbandry at an isolated island with a dark color tone, but the excellent descriptive power and composing power of Tsuguhara became a masterpiece to convey the energy of the work to the viewer. When a traveling exhibition was held in Aomori, Tsuguharu encountered a form in which an old man and a woman prayed and worshiped before "Azushima crushing", throwing a saisen in a painting and dedicating himself, and so far I will receive an impact that I have never felt. Normally people who do not see paintings are worshiping hands in hand with their own paintings. I am struck by the fact that I was able to impress such a lot, "I am quite pleased in the paintings that I have drawn many times."
When the war is over, GHQ acknowledges the artistic value of the war painting and moves painting collection to the theme of 'Japanese occupation'. Tsuguharu, who was offered the cooperation, was pleased that she was qualified to be eligible.
Meanwhile, as preparations for the militarist's expulsion of public officials and the war crimes committed by the Far East military trial begin, the Japanese artists who are afraid of pursuing responsibilities from GHQ will start to list their responsible persons voluntarily. It was Tsuguharu who took up the victory. Tsuguharu is told to a former painter "I want you to appear at the authorities as a representative of a painter who painted a war picture". I am discouraged by knowing the work of the art world trying to refuse myself who has drawn so hard for Japan. And we are gracious and responsible. At this time disappointment for the Japanese art world will be a life-long scar and will eventually strengthen the separation with Japan. Tsuguharu to Kimiyo Mrs. Tsuguji repeatedly said that I was not abandoning Japan, it was thrown away. Misunderstandings and slanderous wishes against Tsuguhara never ended until the end.
1949 Departure from Haneda in March to the United States at 63 years old. I will spend one year in New York. Meanwhile, I draw a woman wearing a black dress with "Cafe" which will be the representative work after the war, "Milky white skin" will revive for the first time in a while.
I arrived in Paris in 1950, but I was waiting in Paris where Ichiji used to be active gorgeously. The art world also became popular with abstract works after the war, and the center was also moving to New York. Meanwhile, Tsuguharu will hold a solo exhibition in Paris, Algiers and Madrid and will continue to pursue the painting.
Children are drawn in many works of these days. A girl and boys having the same facial expression on the face with wide forehead expression. I think your unique face is familiar to you all. Tsuguharu about children's paintings says, "It is not really a child in this world, my child's child is my son or daughter and I want to love the most". For Tsuguhara who was blessed with children, it may have been drawn on the same face like a doll because of a child in her heart.
In 1955 at the age of 68, Tsuguharu acquires French citizenship with your lady and naturalizes it. And I will cancel the Japanese nationality that I was able to hold.
The last years I spent in God
In 1959 at the age of 72, 130 kilometers northeast of Paris about 130 kilometers will receive baptism of Mrs. Kimiyo and Catholic at Notre Dame Cathedral in the center city of Reims in the Champagne region. The baptism name given at this time was "Leonard", the name I got from the respect Leonardo da Vinci. In this way Tsuguji who became a child of God became Leonard Fujita.
In 1964 I will hold the last solo exhibition in Paris at the age of 78. In the following year, I will decide to construct the Lady of Our Lady of Peace (Notre Dame de la Paix) in Rance as "to end the whole life" work. On the inner walls of the chapel I painted the themes of the Bible such as frescoes on the faces of the Virgin and Child, announcement of conception, worship of the three doctors of Toho, and crucifixion of Christ. At this time, I had already suffered from cancer, but I will complete the mental painting of about 100 m² based on this sacred theme in less than 3 months by inclining the whole body.
After the chapel was completed in August 1966, he will be hospitalized for cancer treatment in Paris. He repeatedly enters and leaves the hospital on January 29, 1968 and died at Zurich Hospital in Switzerland. I was 81 years old.
The death of Tsuguhara The state-run television news in Paris expressed his condolences told that "the history of Montparnasse will gradually die this way."
Mrs. Kimiyoshi who lived with Tsuguharu for 32 years will return to Japan after that. Keiji's works are carefully kept and will be lost in 2009.
Tsuguji, who was recognized as a painter, who cherished drawing the painting the most important thing I threw away Japan to protect my paintings, but I must have believed that art is universal without borders .
Although it became a little remaining this year, if you are interested,
Why do not you visit the exhibition of Tsuguharu Fujita?
○ "Leonard · Fujita and models"
Saturday, September 17, 2016 to January 15, 2017 (Sunday) DIC Kawamura Memorial Art Museum
○ "Birth 130th Anniversary Exhibition Tsuguharu Fujita Exhibition - Painting Between East and West" Fuchu Art Museum
Saturday, October 1, 2016 to December 11 (Sun)
Fumihiro Kondo "Life of Genjin people" Fujita Tsuguharu "
Tsuguharu Fujita "One arm and Profile of Paris" (Kodansha literary bunko)
Tsuguharu Fujita "Swimming essential book collections" (Heibonsha library)
Hayako Hayashi "Tsuguharu Fujita Lifetime and Works" (Tokyo Art More Information Series)
Lady of Our Lost Chapel